Η περιοχή του Διοικητηρίου στα παλαιοχριστιανικά και βυζαντινά χρόνιαPart of : Το Αρχαιολογικό Έργο στη Μακεδονία και στη Θράκη ; Vol.10, No.Β, 1996, pages 559-570
The Dioiketeriou area in early christian and byzantine times
The picture of the Dioiketeriou area in the late Roman and Byzantine periods provided by the emergency excavations carried out from time to time on building sites was a fragmentary one. By way of contrast, the extensive programme of excavation in the square and along a section of Aghiou Deme- triou St has made a significant contribution to our knowledge of the character of the area. The excavations carried out continuously in recent years have allowed us to see the uses and functions of the area through the antiquities from various periods of history which are constantly coming to light.On the north side of the archaeological site, part of a street running N-S and dating from the Late Roman period (fourth century) has been discovered. To the east of this street, in the main excavation area, two of the building phases in a large Early Christian structure have been explored. The first stage dates from the fourth century and the second from the fifth century, while the Early Christian building itself survived down to the mid-sixth century. Interesting sections of mosaic floors have survived from both building phases.To the west of the street, a small part of a fifth-century building and a section of an Early Christian baths have been investigated. The first phase of the baths can be traced back to the fifth century and the second to the late Early Christian period. Both structures had been preserved by landfill. The kiln of a glassware workshop was explored next to the ancient street, in the north-west part of the square, and proved to date from the mid-ninth century.Our picture of the Middle Byzantine building phases is incomplete, and so we do not possess clear knowledge of the way the structures were organised in space. An extensive Late Byzantine cemetery was explored above the ruins of the Middle Byzantine buildings in the north part of the excavation area. The cemetery spread out around a single-aisled cemetery chapel of the same period. The burials discovered in Dioiketeriou Square are very important as an example of the way in which cemeteries might be organised within the walls of Thessaloniki, a practice which seems to have become general in the Palaiolo- gan period.The finds from the latest building phase discovered in the Dioiketeriou Square archaeological site are located along its north side and consist of the ruins of part of a bath-house (hamami) dating from the early period of Ottoman rule (fifteenth-sixteenth century).