Αρχαιολογικές έρευνες στη Μάκρη, Έβρου : εκτιμήσεις και προβλήματαPart of : Το Αρχαιολογικό Έργο στη Μακεδονία και στη Θράκη ; Vol.10, No.Β, 1996, pages 881-916
Excavation of the archaeological site at Makri began in 1988 and has co ntinued almost every year since then. Most of the work focuses on the vicinity of the tumulus, while trial trenches have been dug across the rest of the site. From the stratigraphical point of view, the tumulus has one very unusual fea - ture: on its west side, structures of the historical period were found in the disturbed fill, while on the east, Neolithic strata were discovered, undisturbed, very close to the surface.The section of the Neolithic settlement which has been excavated is located largely on the summit of the mound, extending a short way down its sides. A central area whose architectural finds are indicative of intense hoarding acti vities has come to light, together with a living area with traces of residence and food production such as houses on piles with fireplaces and successive floors on which there were pots, millstones, stone and bone tools, and loom weights. It seems likely that at some time the settlement had a stone wall around it. No properly-organised graveyard has been found, though beneath the floors of the houses were occasional burials in simple pits. The dead had been placed in the foetal position, with a stone on the breast. The settlement yielded a rich col lection of various items made in a range of materials. On the basis of the typo logy of these items, the Makri settlement forms part of the cultural space of the SE Balkans and belongs chronologically to the fifth millennium BC.The Bronze Age has left only occasional fragments of pottery for archaeo - logists, while the Iron Age settlement has been identified to the NW of the Neolithic tumulus. It has not yet been excavated.In the historical period, a small trading post was set up here, among the cities of Samothracian Peraea. Very few traces of its buildings have survived, and are concentrated largely on the SW side of the tumulus: stores for pottery, and a couple of buildings which must have been houses. In the Imperial pe riod, a retaining wall was constructed along the brow of the rock. Under Byza ntium, the area was used as a cemetery by the settlement at Makri.