Το νεκροταφείο των τύμβων εποχής σιδήρου στην Κωνσταντία Αλμωπίας Νομού ΠέλλαςPart of : Το Αρχαιολογικό Έργο στη Μακεδονία και στη Θράκη ; Vol.9, No.1, 1995, pages 155-166
The iron-age tumulus cemetery at Konstandia, Almopia province
A new Iron Age tumulus cemetery was located and investigated in 1995 at Xirika, S of the community of Konstandia, which is in the province of Almopia, Pella prefecture (Fig. 1, PI. 1). The cemetery is in the W foothills of Mount Pai'ko, at the beginning of the ancient road that would have linked ancient Almopia with ancient Bottiaia in the modern province of Yannitsa, Pella prefecture. Forty tumuli were counted along a rapid and still dangerous torrent running E-W (Fig. 2).The tumuli are 8-14 m in diameter, apart from two elongated ones measuring 20 x 8 m and 17x11 m. They were cairns of rubble stones from the nearby torrent, covering and surrounding a single chamber built with rows of large rubble stones. At the E end, two of the stones were always positioned obliquely, projecting higher than the others and serving as jambs at the entrance to the chamber, and possibly as a kind of marker. They also marked the start of the dromos towards the E. Between them was a slab-like stone, which, as tumulus 5 shows (Fig. 3, PI. 3), sealed the entrance. Tumulus 5 is the source of the bronze fibula in PI. 4, 1, which is dated to the 8th-7th c. BC. The shape of the tombs evolved from round to more rectangular (PL 6),sometimes with built walls (PI. 5). Investigation of undespoiled tumulus 2(Fig. 4, PL 7, 8, 9) found that the tombs must have been covered with a false corbelled cover, which was removed for each successive burial. The tomb in tumulus 2 yielded a number of burials (at least 10 skulls) all jumbled up together at a depth of 0.80-1 m, with a variety of grave goods, suchas clay vessels (PI. 10, 11), clay spindle whorls, whetstones, small knives, and jewellery (stone and glass inlays, hair slides, bracelets, a circular amulet, octagonal fibulae for the shoulder and the head, and a bow-shaped fibula in the tradition of those made on the islands) (PI. 4, 3). Together with the finds from the rest of the tumuli (PI. 4, 2 and 12), these provide evidence for dating the cemetery to the whole of the Iron Age and even earlier. Apart from the tumuli, there is evidence of habitation in this area in the Hellenistic period.
Νεκροταφεία, Εποχή σιδήρου, Πέλλα, συνέδρια
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