"Κρυονέρι" Ν. Κερδυλλίων : το ρωμαϊκό νεκροταφείο και η περίπτωση διατήρησης οργανικών ινών σε χάλκινα νομίσματαPart of : Το Αρχαιολογικό Έργο στη Μακεδονία και στη Θράκη ; Vol.22, No.1, 2008, pages 513-520
“Kryoneri” of N. Kerdyllia : the Roman cemetery and the case of preservation of organic fibers on copper coins
In 2008 a part of a Roman cemetery was revealed in “Kryoneri” of N. Kerdyllia, a site located 2.50 km northwest of ancient Amphipolis. Of a sum of 31 tombs, only a simple pit grave is dated from the Hellenistic period. Most of the other graves were disturbed. The tile and cist graves were simply constructed and had relatively poor offerings. The dead was placed directly on the ground or, rarely upon a layer of tiles, in the supine position, usually with the hands rested next to the ribcage and rarely folded on the chest, or in cases of female burials with one hand touching the vagina.The cemetery’s dating (from the mid-second century AD to the second half of the fourth century AD) is assumed primarily by the coins of the tombs (eighty- eight bronze and one silver). The other remaining offerings are limited to a few unpainted and undecorated pottery vessels (mostly small jugs and cups), three lamps, two terracotta figurines (representing Venus and a bull), an intact glass unguentarium and a bronze ring with a palmette decoration on bezel.Particularly interesting is the preservation of woolen textile fragment on three bronze coins.Archaeological textiles, as all organic materials, are hardly preserved in archaeological contexts due to biological attack and physicochemical alterations that occur before or during excavation. Deterioration depends on many factors, the most important being the nature of the fibers and the environment the material was kept in. They can be preserved by particular environmental conditions such as extreme dryness, extreme cold and absence of oxygen or in association with specific metal ions as in the case of the bronze coins.Stereomicroscopy, Transmission Optical Microscopy and Scanning Electron Microscopy - Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy were applied for the observation of morphological characteristics of the fibers used, that led to the identification of wool.Archaeological textiles, when found and in spite their fragmentary condition, are an important testimony to every day life, farming and trade, migration of nations, art and technical culture of different ethnological groups.
συντήρηση και αποκατάσταση, Σέρρες, συνέδρια