Το ερευνητικό πρόγραμμα του προϊστορικού οικισμού Αγγελοχωρίου : οι γεωργοκτηνοτροφικές δραστηριότητες και οι διατροφικές συνήθειες στο Αγγελοχώρι της ΥΕΧPart of : Το Αρχαιολογικό Έργο στη Μακεδονία και στη Θράκη ; Vol.18, No.1, 2004, pages 431-438
The research programme in the prehistoric settlement at Angelohori farming, stockbreeding, and diet at Angelohori in the late bronze age
The first part of this paper summarises the data from the research programme for the prehistoric settlement at Angelohori, Imathia prefecture. The programme was entirely funded by Harvard University’s Shelby White - Leon Levy Program for Archaeological Publications and its purpose was for specialists to study all the archaeological material using up-to-date scientific methods. The first of the authors of this paper, who was also in charge of the excavation, undertook to study the stratigraphy and the architecture, and also to catalogue and study the pottery together with the archaeologists N. Pappa. E. Koukourdi, and C. Lokana. The petrographical analysis of the pottery and the chemical analysis were undertaken by Dr E. Kyriatzi and Dr V. Kylikoglou respectively. The bone tools were studied by Dr P. Christidou, the stone tools by Ms S. Agatsioti, while the palaeobotanical and the pa- laeozoological material was dealt with by T. Valamotis, lecturer in the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, and y. The radio-dating was done in the Archaeometry Laboratory of the Demokritos Research Centre under the direction of Dr G. Maniatis. The paper then briefly presents our initial observations regarding the stratigraphical study. Habitation starts at about the end of the 16th c. and continues at least to the end of the 11th c., a span of more than five centuries falling entirely within the Late Bronze Age and during which the settlement developed without any major changes in its spatial organisation. One important event which marks two different habitation phases is the destruction by fire and the subsequent burial under sand of a large number of houses. Upon this layer of sand were built the dwellings of the next phase. These two phases can be roughly dated to the 15th c. and the 13th— mid-12th c. respectively.The second part of the paper presents the findings of the study of the palaeobotanical and palaeozoological material. The study so far has found an emphasis on the cultivation of grains, with pulses also grown and consumed. Einkorn was found in sufficient quantities for us to be able to say with certainty that it was a species that was used at Angelohori. Other grains present in the settlement’s deposits are barley and millet. The pulses include peas (Pisum sativus), chickpeas (Vicia ervilia), and vetch (Lathyrus sativus), while the fruits identified so far are grapes ( Vit is vinifera) and elderberries (Sambucus sp.). The combination of grains and pulses, as also the variety of species consumed, a practice known already from the beginning of the Neolithic, would have ensured a varied diet through the combination of plant proteins from the pulses and carbohydrates from the grains; and the variety of the species would probably have served to ensure minimum quantities of agricultural produce even in the event of unfavourable weather conditions.Regarding the palaeozoological material, osteological remains from the following mammals were recognised in the sample: cattle (Bos taurus), sheep (Ovis aries), goats (Capra hircus), pigs (Sus domesticus), dogs (Canis familiaris), horses (Equus caballus), donkeys (Equus asinus), red deer (Cervus elaphus), fallow deer (Dama dama), roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), hares (Lepus europaeus), foxes ( Vulpes vulpes), and badgers (Meles meles), while a tooth from a beaver (Castor fiber) and a bone from a wolf were also recognised. Regarding the modes of exploiting these animals, comments are made on the basis of traces of slaughter and the anatomical parts represented in the settlement’s deposits.
διατροφή, γεωργία, κτηνοτροφία, Ημαθία, συνέδρια, προϊστορία
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