Αλιάκμων 2000-2002 : σωστική ανασκαφή σε δυο οικισμούς της αρχαιότερης και μέσης νεολιθικής περιόδουPart of : Το Αρχαιολογικό Έργο στη Μακεδονία και στη Θράκη ; Vol.16, No.1, 2002, pages 557-570
Aliakmon 2001-2002 : rescue excavation in two settlements of early and middle neolithic period
At this year’s archaeological meeting we are presenting 2 excavations carried out in a valley along the middle reaches of the Aliakmon in 2000 and 2001, at Paliambela near Roditis and Varemeni near Goules in the municipality of Servia, Kozani prefecture.An Early Neolithic settlement was excavated at Paliambela, yielding a number of small circular floors, which were probably structures outside the houses used for domestic activities and the preparation of food. The grave of an infant was also uncovered in a small cavity in a larger pit. The finds as a whole link the settlement with the Thessalian cultural milieu, while a comparison with the finds from the wider area of Macedonia place it among the oldest settlements located and excavated in the area, dating it to the proto-Sesklo phase.Part of the fill of a settlement occupied throughout the Neolithic was excavated at Varemeni. The settlement had been badly eroded by the water of the artificial Lake Polyfytou. The excavated fill yielded 4 habitation layers. The 2 later layers belong to the beginning of the Middle Neolithic, and the earlier of these yielded important structural remains of 2 pile dwellings which had been destroyed by fire. They have a rectangular ground plan, clay floors, and the same NE-SW orientation. Under the level with the buildings was uncovered an Early Neolithic level with burial remains. A cremation burial came to light, and probably part of an incinerator. Of particular interest is a burnt timber structure found near the burial, which may be part of the timbers of the pyre, and a wall of clay, which seems to bound the space to the SE. The pottery in this layer is characteristic of the end of the Early Neolithic and probably of the so-called pre-Sesklo phase, which is attested in NW Thessaly. The immediately previous layer, which was scarcely investigated, preserved building remains and its pottery is identical to that found in the Roditis settlement (Proto- Sesklo). The finds as a whole link the settlement with Thessalian culture, though there are clear signs of contact with more northerly cultural milieux.The 2 excavations yielded 2 phases of the Early Neolithic -proto-Sesklo and pre- Sesklo- and 2 of the beginning of the Middle Neolithic; while the data produced by surface investigations confirm that many settlements were abandoned at the end of the Early Neolithic. The finds as a whole support the view that this valley along the middle reaches of the Aliakmon may be placed within the Thessalian cultural milieu.
Νεολιθική εποχή, Κοζάνη