Κρίση της αντιπροσώπευσης και δημοκρατίαPart of : Ελληνική Επιθεώρηση Πολιτικής Επιστήμης ; No.9, 1997, pages 138-166
Representation crisis and democracy
The concept of representation is closely linked with the idea of the political unity of the social, the basis of which is the notion of sovereignty. Because of the fact that any absolute political unity is impossible a priori, the representation crisis is immanent in politics and, even more, in modem democracy, in the midst of which emerged the «social problem» and its contradictions, which are specific to it.In modem pluralist societies, representation takes the form of political management alternatively exercised by blocks of partial interests, which implies the invalidation of sovereignty as well as the weakening of the general will, on which is based the concept of democracy as well as of political unity in its classic sense. Due to the pluralistic character of modem societies and the fact that the political unity is defined as a situation of density or of degree, the representation crisis cannot be overcome, only moderated.The article maintains that, from a theoretical point of view, this aim can be reached by a greater autonomy of the political space attainable through the validation of the superiority of the Constitution against any other form of consensus, but, principally, through the integration of «social rationality» within it, throw a synthesis between the American and the French constitutional tradition.