Άγιος Μάμας Νέας Ολύνθου (Προϊστορική Όλυνθος) : ένας περιφερειακός οικισμός του μεσοελλαδικού κόσμου: τα δεδομένα της μινυακής κεραμικήςPart of : Το Αρχαιολογικό Έργο στη Μακεδονία και στη Θράκη ; 2009, pages 31-40
Aghios Mamas, Neas Olynthou, (Prehistoric Olynth) a peripheral settlement in the Middle Helladic world : the data from Minyan ware
The limited presence of Middle Helladic settlements in Macedonia is one of the problems characterizing the evolution of this area during the prehistoric period. Excavation of part of a Middle Helladic settlement on the mound (toumba) of Aghios Mamas, Neas Olynthou brought to light evidence that brings this settlement into the framework of the Aegean and Middle Helladic world: a new spatial organization, new architectural types, and reddish handmade and wheel-made Minyan pottery. These coexist with evidence indicating continuation of the local tradition from the Early Bronze Age.The presence of wheel-made Minyan ware throughout the entire Middle and beginning of the Late Bronze Age follows a developmental course within the levels of Aghios Mamas, study of which will contribute inter alia to a fuller knowledge of this characteristic class of pottery.The present article will present a preliminary picture of the Middle Helladic settlement, as this has emerged from the study of the aforementioned evidence, particularly its wheel-made Minyan ware.From the available evidence, the development of wheel-made Minyan ware from levels 17-10 of Aghios Mamas appears to be similar to that observed in settlements of central and southern Greece, where the locus of appearance of this characteristic pottery has been situated. The first phase includes levels 17 and 16, and is characterized by the presence of new elements in architecture, the high point of reddish and red-painted ware, and the appearance of wheel- made Minyan ware. The second phase includes levels 15 and 14, and is distinguished by the appearance of multiple-roomed complexes in architecture and the increased presence of Minyan ware. In the third phase, levels 13 and 12, there appear new elements in architecture which are preserved though all of the later levels. In pottery, the presence of wheel-made Minyan ware reaches its apogee. In the final phase (levels 11 and 10), Minyan ware follows a rapidly- declining course, probably denoting the transition to the Late Helladic.