Η νεολιθική κεραμική από τη Β' Κουβελέικη σπηλιά Αλεποχωρίου ΛακωνίαςPart of : Αρχαιολογικά ανάλεκτα εξ Αθηνών ; Vol.XXXII-XXXIV, 1999, pages 27-36
The neolithic pottery from Kouveleiki cave B at Alepochori, Laconia
The pottery from Kouveleiki cave B at Alepochori in Laconia, in the South-east Pelo- ponnese, is dated to the end of LN I and the beginning of LN II (late 5th-early 4th mil. BC). The material is of poor quality; the clays are coarse and so is the finishing of surfaces. Painted wares are absent, and the only decorative technique used is the application of plain or impressed stripes in relief on the coarse surface of pithoid vessels. Shapes belong mainly to open shallow and deep broadmouthed vases, suggesting that the pottery from the cave served domestic practical needs of food preparation and storage.The archaeological research in the neighboring Kouveleiki cave A-50 m. away from B - as part of the same project, has yielded a contemporary ceramic assemblage which is a crucial point of reference for the assessment of the wares from cave B. The similarities or discontinuities which will derive from the comparison of each site against the other areexpected to clarify questions of use and population identify for both caves.In the period when Kouveleiki cave B was occupied, the Greek Neolithic bears evidence for an extensive population increase, an improvement of farming techniques, and a quick shift towards the mass production of pottery to meet the needs of increased production, surplus and storage. At that stage, settlements extented their economic and social sphere to include dependent sites for specialized functions (storage, refuge, cemeteries, etc.), a role which natural cavities can perfectly play. Within this model, Kouveleiki cave B in the South-east Peloponnesian lowland should be probably considered part of a local network of satellite sites around a central settlement, located in close proximity somewhere in the plain extending in front of the cavity, but whose exact location is still an open issue.
αρχαία κεραμική, Νεολιθική εποχή, Λακωνία
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