Τα παιδιά στα βιβλία και βιβλία για τα παιδιά στο Νεοελληνικό ΔιαφωτισμόPart of : Παρνασσός ; Vol.ΜΓ, No.1, 2001, pages 329-350
Children in books and books for children in the frame of Modem Greek Enlightenment
Modern Greek Enlightenment (1750-1830), the intellectual movement that contributed to the preparation of the Greek Revolution of 1821, was of course an avatar of European Enlightenment; however, at the same time it had to cope with the particular condition of the Greeks under Ottoman rule. Therefore, there was an urgent need to educate the young to the new ideas of freedom and national independence. The author explores an important aspect of that endeavor, i.e. the texts used as schoolbooks among the Greeks of that period. The older practice of using religious texts for educational purposes continued to be widespread, but at the same time were introduced various readings, either Greek or foreign in translation, whereas the classicism prevailing in the West heavily influenced Greek educational models. Finally, the method of mutual teaching did contribute to a better organization of primary education; nevertheless, by promoting authoritarian and moralizing patterns, it ultimately functioned as an obstacle to more liberal educational approaches.