Η έννοια του τέλους στην επικούρεια ηθικήPart of : Παρνασσός ; Vol.ΜΔ, No.1, 2002, pages 339-348
The notion of telos in Epicurean ethics
According to Epicurean philosophy, the telos, i.e. the scope, the final purpose of life is not virtue, as the Stoics used to believe, but pleasure. We must, nevertheless, bear in mind that in Epicurean thought, pleasure is not linked merely to sensuality, but also encompasses the ideas of psychic tranquillity, spiritual equilibrium and harmony of body and soul. From this point of view, pleasure does not exclude morality and virtue; on the contrary, these qualities are necessary for the full appreciation of the notion of pleasure as well as for the knowledge of the best way to achieve it. Therefore, rational thinking (logos) is the means by which the different kinds of virtue are put to the service of the ultimate goal, i.e. pleasure as defined above.