Από τους εμφύλιους πολέμους των Ρωμαίων στην κεντρική και βόρειο Ελλάδα τον 1ον αι. π.Χ.Part of : Παρνασσός ; Vol.ΜΖ, No.1, 2005, pages 25-36
On the Roman civil wars in central and nothem Greece during the 1st century B. C.
By the 1st century BC, Rome had completed the conquest of Greek cities and kingdoms, which became Roman territory, divided in two provinces, Macedonia and Achaia. Subsequently, the lands of Central and Northern Greece became the theater where Roman Civil Wars were fought. The author discusses three major battles that took place in Greek territories: the battle of Pharsala (48 B.C.), between the forces of Pompey and Julius Cesar; the battle of Philippi (42 B.C.), where the allied forces of Octavian and Marc Anthony defeated the murderers of Cesar; and the naval battle at Actium (31 B.C.), where the fleet of Octavian dealt a major blow to the joined forces of Marc Anthony and Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt. In the frame of this discussion, the author deals with some historical issues, such as the involvement of Greek cities in Roman Civil Wars and the consequences thereof, or the role of Cleopatra and the circumstances of her suicide after Octavian’s final victory.