Οι συνέπειες της πατρικής απουσίας στην αυτοαντίληψη, την αυτοεκτίμηση και το άγχος των παιδιών : μια έρευνα σε παιδιά Ε΄ και ΣΤ΄ τάξης δημοτικού σχολείουPart of : Επιστήμες Αγωγής ; No.4, 2012, pages 113-134
Until recently, the majority of the research projects on child development focused on the maternal role leaving aside the role of the father. However resent data revealed that the involvement of fathers in the care and upbringing of their children, affects positively many aspects of the child ’s development, while the absence of the father has various negative effects. In Greece there are very few research data available on the effects of paternal absence on self conception, self esteem and anxiety in children. Thus, we decided to investigate the self concept, self esteem and anxiety of children growing up with and without their father at home. The ages of 11 and 12 years old, were selected, because it’s the beginning of adolescence, during which both self concept and self esteem change and as a result anxiety levels are affected. Additionally, the cognitive development of children at this age group helps them to perceive and understand all family dynamics. The study included 194 children from different schools in Crete (98 girls and 96 boys). 109 of them lived with both parents and 85 lived with their mother only since the parents were divorced. The psychometric instruments used were: a) “Self Perception Profile for Children” (Harter, 1985) in order to measure the self concept and the self esteem and b) the “State - Trait Anxiety Inventory ” (Spielberger, 1970) was used in order to measure children’s anxiety level. The data analysis revealed that children growing up together with their fathers exhibited significantly higher scores in certain dimensions of their self-concept when compared with children whose father was absent from home. The differences found in the levels of self esteem were not found to be statistically significant. Also the present study revealed that children who did not live in the same house with their fathers, recorded higher levels of anxiety than children who lived with both parents.
παιδί, πατρική παρουσία, πατρική απουσία, άγχος, αυτοαντίληψη, αυτοεκτίμηση
Περιέχει πίνακες και βιβλιογραφία
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