Greek vowel durations and prosodic interactionsPart of : Γλωσσολογία ; Vol.13, 2001, pages 105-127
The present study is an experimental investigation of temporal structures in Greek prosody as instantiated in segmental durations, contextual effects and prosodic interactions. Nonsense disyllabic CVCV words were produced in a carrier sentence under crossed binary conditions of stress, focus and tempo. The results indicate: (1) the durations of vowels depend primarily on high/low and secondarily on front/back articulatory settings; (2) immediate consonant context shows compensatory to vowel duration patterns; (3) syllable position does not have a constant duration effect on either consonant or vowel; (4) stress has a larger lengthening effect on the vowel than the consonant; (5) focus has no constant effect on either the consonant or the vowel; (6) tempo has a fairly similar effect on both the consonant and the vowel. In terms of the prosodic factors investigated, stress has the largest effect on both consonant and vowel durations, followed by tempo. There were significant interactions between vowel category and stress, as well as between stress and tempo, for vowel durations but not for consonant durations. The study is concluded with a comparison of results with earlier results of studies on Greek prosody.
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