Οι Ρωμαίοι και η ΧαλκιδικήPart of : Μακεδονικά ; Vol.25, 1986, pages 33-46
The Romans and Chalkidiki
We are here publishing the text of a communication made at the «1st Panhellenic Symposium for Histoiy and Archaeology of Chalkidiki (Chalkidiki 7-9 December 1984)». In this text we examine first the relations of the Romans to Chalkidiki and second certain aspects of the Roman policy there. As tc the first question, we mainly examine the activities of the Romanfleet at the coasts of Chalkidiki during the two last Macedonian wars (200and 169 B.C.): the capture and plunder of Acanthos, the pillage of the territory of Aeneia and Antigoneia, the devastation of the Pailene peninsula and finally the siege of the Cassandreia town (Potidea). Furthermore we examine the manifold interest shown by the Romansfor Chalkidiki, both by the Roman merchants and the central Roman government. In the first case the result was the foundation of a «conventuscivium Romanorum» at Acanthos (today’s Ierissos). We learn of the installation of the Romans (negotiatores) at Acanthos from a Greek inscription engraved at the colossal base of a statue (probably of Augustus) dated between 27 B.C. and 14 A.D. It was a votive statue errected by the town of Acanthos and the «conventus civium Romanorum». A large part of the study is dedicated to the research of various problemsrelated to the history of the «conventus» of Acanthos and mainly the reasons for its foundation, the topography of the territory of Acanthos etc. Thus based principally on archaeological evidence, we come to the conclusion that the main reasons for the installation of the Roman merchants in Acanthos, were the following: 1) the existence of rich mines in the area of the town; 2 its rich forests and consequently the wood for construction; 3) the existence of Thracian population in its «hinterland» —a principal source for the sla ves’ commerce.As to the history of the «conventus» we have not yet enough information; it seems that it was founded between the years 85 and 57 B.C. and flourished during the imperial period. Finally, we try to establish the frontiers of the Acanthos’ teriitory and locate the villages that were administratively dependent on this town.Further in the text we deal with the Roman colony of Cassandreia, founded in the official Roman political frame in Chalkidiki. We examine briefly (due to the fact, that a study dedicated to this Roman colony, is ready to be published by the author) various problems concerning the foundation of the colony, the compound of its population, the.institutions and frontiers of its territory.
856:https://ejournals.epublishing.ekt.gr/index.php/makedonika/article/view/5779, DOI: https://doi.org/10.12681/makedonika.218