Ατομικές χορηγήσεις της Ρωμαϊκής πολιτείας (civitas Romana) και η διάδοσή της στη Ρωμαϊκή επαρχία Μακεδονία : III-Το ανατολικό τμήμα της επαρχίας

Part of : Μακεδονικά ; Vol.28, No.1992, pages 156-196

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156-196
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The individual grants of the Roman citizenship (civitas Romana) and its expansion in the Roman province of Macedonia : III- The Eastern department of this province
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In the frame of a wider study on the subject of the individual grants (viritim) of the Roman citizenship (civitas Romana) and his expansion in the Roman province of Macedonia (cf. the two previous volumes of the «Makedonika»), we publish here the results of our research concerning the Eastern department of this province, which include the Greek Eastern Macedonia and the Bulgarian Macedonia of to day.From the point of view of method for identifying the peregrinos granted with the Roman citizenship, we classify them into four groups, according to the reliability of their identification through the inscriptions. In the first group we classify those bearing the gentilicia of Emperors (115 persons): 42 Iulii, 21 Claudii, 17 Flavii, 1 Cocceius, 10 Ulpii, 10 Adii and 14 (M.) Aurelii.The second group consists of 29 persons with a gentilicium common among the Roman magistrates of the province of Macedonia or the others Eastern provinces and the Italian traders (negotiatores): Aeniilii, Annii, Automi, Junii, Caecelii, Cassii, Clodii, Cornelii, Licinnii, Lucilii, Pompeii, Pomponii, Terentii, Varii and Vettii. In the third group we classify 63 persons with a gentilicium belonging to the Roman magistrates of the Eastern provinces or a gentilicium common among these magistrates and the Italian traders: Domitii, Volumnii, Titii, Varimi, and Arrii, Atilii, Aufidii, Herennii, Coelii, Valerli, Velleii, Vi­ tii, Petronii, Plotii, Popillii, Turpi!ii. Finally the fourth group consists of 13 persons, mainly militaries, bearing rare gentilicia: Aedi, Acculeii, Atiarii, Avincilii, Cestii, Saufeii, Sertorii, Tatinii, Victorii and Volvii. Thus, the peregrini of our region who had become Roman citizens reach the number of 220.The article ends with general conclusions and verifications, as the following: We have the highest percentage of naturalisations in the period of the Antonins; a high percentage (48 °/0) of these concerns members of the local aristocracy (honestiores) and also persons of Thracian origin (mainly militaries). Finally our research has proved that: 1) the expansion of the Roman citizenship and the Roman law in our region did result in the onomastic Romanization, since 89 persons (46,8 °/o) received Roman cogno­ mina·, 2) the founding of the Roman colony of Philippi did favour the expansion of the Roman citizenship in our region.
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