Το χρονικό της ανακάλυψης μιας ελληνιστικής πόλης στην Καρία (Bucakkoy, Συνέτα)Part of : Δελτίο Κέντρου Μικρασιατικών Σπουδών ; Vol.12, 1997, pages 13-40
The discovery, of a hellenistic polis in Karia (Bucakkoy, Syneta?)
In the winter of 1995, an inscribed stele found near the village of Bucakköy inKaria was transported to the Aphrodisias Museum. The stele is dedicated to ZeusSynetenos by a priest and 121 other men (late 3rd or early 2nd cent. B.C.). Theepithet Synetenos belongs to a widespread type of Anatolian divine epithets,which usually derive from place names. The village of Bucakköy has been knownas the possible site of a smal independent polis ever since the discovery of anhonorific inscription, built into the wall of the village mosque, in 1893. K.Buresch (1895), J.G.C. Anderson (1897), and Jeanne and Louis Robert (1946)recorded the presence of an ancient cemetery, a late Roman site, two inscriptions,and a relief representation of a mother goddess, but were unable to findevidence for the exact location or the name of the city. In light of the newepigraphic find C. Ratté, L. Bier, and A. Chaniotis undertook an investigation,which offered answers to both questions. A fragmentary inscription (3rd/2ndcent.) was found built in the wall of a house in Bucakköy. It contains the last 9lines of an honorific decree; in the hortatory formula, where one expects thename of the community, we find a word beginning with the letters SY, obviouslythe ethnic name Synetenoi. This confirms the assumption that the city’s namewas Syneta (cf. other indigenous names, such as Anineta, Azita, etc.). The cityitself was discovered at the hilltop site of Tola§ Tepe, where the dedicatory inscriptionwas found. This polis, in the eastern end of the Maeander valley and at theborder of Phrygia and Karia, may have been founded by the Seleucids (late 3rdcent.) or the Attalids (early 2nd cent.). The rich onomastic material indicates thatits population consisted of settlers from the coastal cities of Ionia. It is anattractive assumption - in the light of the small size of the settlement, the fact thatthe dedicatory inscription does not give any information about the identity of the122 dedicators, and the fact that only a few men seem to have family relationswith one another - that these men were the first settlers.