Virtual reality and special needsPart of : Themes in science and technology education ; Vol.2, No.1-2, 2009, pages 253-268
The use of virtual environments for special needs is as diverse as the field of Special Education itself and the individuals it serves. Individuals with special needs often face challenges with attention, language, spatial abilities, memory, higher reasoning and knowledge acquisition. Research in the use of Virtual Learning Environments (VLE) targets both cognition and behavior (Rizzo, et.al, 2001). Virtual environments encourage interactive learning and provide a variety of opportunities for the learner to have control over the learning process (Pantelidis, 1993). Virtual reality technology is an exciting tool that involves a safe and supportive environment to transfer knowledge between virtual and real worlds. Through such technology, individuals with special needs can look carefully at their own strengths, abilities, and learning preferences in comparison to the required learning task and expected learning outcome. This article reviews relevant research that explores the use of virtual reality for individuals with special needs.