Θόρυβος, ευστάθεια και το κανονιστικό πλαίσιο των αθηναϊκών λατρευτικών σωματείων

Part of : Επετηρίς του Κέντρου Ερεύνης της Ιστορίας του Ελληνικού Δικαίου ; Vol.46, 2016, pages 23-78

Parallel Title:
Thorybos, eustatheia and the normative framework of Athenian cult associations
The normative framework of Athenian cult associations has been studied mainly from an institutional aspect. In this article I suggest to approach it through the lenses of two distinct (or even opposing) notions, tumult (thorybos) and stability (eustatheia). Following a brief presentation of the current debate on thorybos in the ancient Athenian socio-political context, I analyze the normative framework produced by the associations themselves (appended at the end with a rendering in modern Greek). Questions of organization and cult are prominent in Hellenistic regulations, while in Roman era associations intervene to catalogue its membership and penalize their improper behaviour during meetings. Athenian cult associations punish the non-payment of contributions, the non-implementation of their decisions, the non-compliance of their magistrates and members to their respective duties. Associations usually impose a pecuniary fine, most often fixed and rarely left to the discretion of the group. They could also exclude a member from their functions and events or expel him from the association altogether. Usually magistrates were responsible for the imposition and enforcement of penalties; the assembly of members was very rarely involved. The normative framework of Athenian (and perhaps Greek) associations controlled disagreement, disruption, arguments and opposition through tolerance of tumult and noise. In contrast, in the Roman era there was little scope for forbearance even of occasional outbursts of disruption, since the Roman attitude towards associations was culminated in the volatile first-century BC political contests. A strict set of rules, reflected both in Greek and Roman evidence, dictated and regulated the expected behaviour even during the association's gatherings, see e.g. IG ii2 1368. However, it would be mistaken to attribute this hardening of rules only to Roman influence or to imagine a manichaistic depiction of good-tolerant Greeks against bad-intolerant Romans; since the early Hellenistic era, there were efforts to limit the vocal expression of disagreement and hostility in the deliberation processes.
Subject (LC):
σωματεία, θίασος, θιασώται, όργεώνες, έρανισταί, Ήρα- κλιασταί, Ίόβακχοι, άρχερανιστής, αδικήματα, ποινές, πρόστιμα, διαγραφή μέλους, αποκλεισμός μέλους, εκτέλεση αποφάσεων, thiasos, thiasotai, koinon, archeranistes, Herakliastai, Iobakchoi, eranistai, penalties, tumult, stability, rule violations, enforcement, exclusion, expulsion, property penalties
Σε παράρτημα περιλαμβάνονται τα περισσότερα από τα γνωστά κανονιστικά κείμενα σωματείων γραμμένα είτε σε λίθο είτε σε πάπυρο, στα ελληνικά και στα λατινικά με ελάχιστες εξαιρέσεις
References (1):
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