Ανασκαφικές έρευνες στη ΧαλκιδικήPart of : Το Αρχαιολογικό Έργο στη Μακεδονία και στη Θράκη ; Vol.1, No.1, 1987, pages 279-293
Excavational research in Chalkidice
SANE. Ancient Sane was probably located in the Pallene peninsula of Chalcidice, in the area of the Byzantine tower belonging to the Stavroniketamonastery. The use of this area from the Geometric to the Archaic period was recorded during rescue excavations in 1971-4. Meanwhile, the excavation by the port of "Sane” hotel in 1987 yielded an open to the sky sanctuary of the 6th century B.C. The data imply that it was the sanctuary of a cthonic goddess where animal fleshand terraccotta figurines were offered during night ceremonies near pyres. MENDE. Mende has been already located by Leake south of the village of Kalandra. Groups of bins and waste pits were found at Vigla, the highest plateau ofthe ancient city; these contained pottery dated from the 12th down to the 7thcentury B.C., similar to the Sub Mycenaean and Protogeometric pottery found at Lefkandi on the Euboea island. Meanwhile, during a trial trench the city-wall ofancient Mende was revealed. The coastal part of Mende has been recorded by Thucydides as "proasteion” (suburb). Two buildings, A and B, have been excavated there. Building A is 5.30 m. long and 1.30 m. wide; it was built in the 5th century as a retaining terrace above the wall of the first half of the 6th century B.C. Only the southern and part of the eastern wall of building B have been revealed, both 2 m. high. The building is dated to the 6thcentury B.C. and was surrounded by a Π-shaped wall, 14 m. long and 1.5 m. high, dated to the 6th century B.C. A stratigraphic trench 200 m. far from the building revealed that the filling above the natural level is about 4.5 m.. dated from the 8th tothe 4th century B.C.; a thick destruction layer of the late 7th century B.C. was also clearly recorded in the stratigraphy. POLYCHRONO. Trial trenches on the southern slope of Geromoiri hillyielded buildings of the Archaic and Classical period and part of a kiln of the 5thcentury B.C. used for iron metals. Meanwhile, a cemetery of the late 6th and early 5th centuries B.C. was located by the coast, 500 m. to the SE from Geromoiri. Eleven burials were excavated: eight burials in pots, three tile-covered graves with abundant grave-goods outside and inside the graves. The local funerary vases decorated with Sub geometric floral devices, surviving down to the second half of the 6th century B.C., are veryinteresting.SYRIA IN SITHONIA, SITE KOUKOS. An excavation of an Early Iron Age cemetery on Koukos hill near the village of Sykia has been carried out under the supervision of the Archaeological Museum of Thessaloniki and Mrs. J. Carington-Smith of the University of Tansmania. Most of the eighteen excavated graves were cists with ash-containers, while the areas of the cremations of the dead were also located. The grave-goods comprise handmade and wheel made pottery, bronze fibulae and bracelets, one gold and many glass beads, dated from the 10th to the 8th century B.C.