Αιγαιακή Μεσημβρία : η ανασκαφική έρευνα στο χώρο της αρχαίας πόλης κατά το 1987Part of : Το Αρχαιολογικό Έργο στη Μακεδονία και στη Θράκη ; Vol.1, No.1, 1987, pages 469-478
Excavation at ancient Mesembria
The Aegean Mesembria, a colony on the north-east shores of the Aegean sea, was founded by the Greeks of Samothrace in the 7th century B.C. The city reached herpeak in the 4th century B.C., while she had been continuously inhabited until the early Byzantine period. The city occupies the eastern part of a bay 20 kilometres west of the modern city of Alexandroupolis. It was surrounded by a wall fortified with towers at regular distances; the northern part of the wall enclosed the citadel. The southeastern part of the city, an area of approximately 2500 sq. m. was excavated this year. Although its plan is similar to that of the western part, it exhibits certain differences. The most obvious of them is that the building blocks are not attached to the city-wall; a road (5 m. wide) is thus created in the empty space between the wall and the building blocks, while three more roads, running west to east, meet this central one. These four roads create quite regular building blocks. The buildings are rectangular and relatively small, while some of them preserve traces of a paved floor, probably a court-yard. The walls (0.40-0.45 m. thick) are made of rectangular stones. It seems that these buildings were private houses quite similar to the Greek Hellenistic ones: two or three rooms opening to a court-yard facing southwards. The quality and quantity of the small finds of the excavation are quite significant: Attic pottery of the 5th and 4th centuries; many bronze coins of the 4thcentury; fragments of clay bathtubs; terracotta figurines and other objects used in everyday life. Furthermore, the occurence of Thracian pottery together with Attic vases is very interesting and must be due to the coexistence of both Greeks and Thracians in the city; though the character and the conditions of this coexistence remain unknown.