Παλαιοχριστιανικές οικίες με τρικλίνιο στη ΘεσσαλονίκηPart of : Το Αρχαιολογικό Έργο στη Μακεδονία και στη Θράκη ; Vol.10, No.Β, 1996, pages 571-586
Early christian houses with triclinia in Thessaloniki
This paper focuses on a number of urban villas of the late fourth and fifth centuries, each of which had a peristyle, a courtyard with a garden, a water tank, a well, a bath-house, a dining-room, sleeping-quarters, corridors and stor age areas. The principal room in the villas we examined was the triclinium, which was always luxuriously-ornamented with multi-coloured mosaic floors and walls bearing interesting paintings.Such triclinia have been identified in Thessaloniki in the following ten excavations: 18 Iouhanou St (fig. 2), 75 Aghias Sofias St / 18 Sofokleous St (fig. 3), 3-5 Cheironos St (fig. 4), 5 Profitou Ilia St (fig. 5), 7 Lapithon St, 74- 76 Olympiados St (fig. 6), 70 Aghias Sofias St (fig. 7), 15 Ioulianou St (fig. 8), 48 Sokratous St (fig. 8), and 8-10 Aischylou St (fig. 9).In three of the ten houses, we can observe a degree of deviation from the Hippodamian urban fabric of the city, lending support to the view that at this time buildings were not located in space according to a strict system. The origin of the triclinium is in the triklino of antiquity. At this time, the three couches, arranged in a Greek (-shape, were unified to form a single semicir cular couch around a semi-circular table. This arrangement was located in an apse-like recess at the end of the hall, raised up one step, and would be occupied by the host and his official guests. The Lausiakos in Constantinople and the triclinium of the Nineteen Ekoubitoi as we know it from descriptions are the more advanced form of this type of triclinium. There, the width of the hall was reduced and small apses were laid out facing each other along each of the long walls, protruding from those walls and containing one akoubito (a semicircular couch around a semicircular table). The Byzantine monastic re fectories of Mt Athos are a further development of this type (fig. 1).