Ανασκαφικές έρευνες στη Βεριά Ν. Συλλάτων,1990Part of : Το Αρχαιολογικό Έργο στη Μακεδονία και στη Θράκη ; Vol.4, No.1, 1990, pages 353-370
Excavation at Veria of Nea Syllata
The area of Veria on the western shore of Chalcidice has been inhabited since the prehistoric period and namely in the Bronze Age. A city, called Véroia or Vrea, was probably located at the site of Veria; however, the ransom finds of the area date to the 4th century B.C. According to the finds of the cemetery and the buildings east and west from the Toumba (mound) respectively, the city probably flourished in the Late Roman and Early Christian periods. The naturally fortified Toumba can be identified with the Castle of Vrya, recorded in Byzantine written sources: a city which flourished in the mid-Byzantine period and was deserted in the second half of the 13th century. Based on the evidence of the buildings at the foothill of the Toumba and the written sources, the city was probably extended and outside the fortification walls in the Byzantine period.In 1990 the investigation at Veria comprised: the excavation of building-groundsnos. 11 and 12 (building-block 2) owned by Mr. M. Konstantilakis, the trial trenches at the wall and the beginning of the investigation of building-ground no. 31 owned by Mr. M. Stoukos. Successive building remains dated to various periods were discovered in buildinggrounds11 and 12. The oldest structure, occupying the northeastern corner, was destroyed immediately after the 2nd century A.D. The earliest Byzantine layer dates from the 11th to the late 12th centuries, while the latest to the 13th, the last period of the city. The glass covered household pottery reveals the character of the Byzantine buildings. A square tower and the wall-line along 150 m. approximately were discovered in the trial trenches carried out on the north-eastern slopes of the Toumba. The construction of the walls, apart from the limited byzantine repairs of the southeastern tower, dates to the late antiquity. The excavation of the building-ground no. 31 was not completed because of the bad weather conditions. However, the investigation revealed parts of buildings dated to the last period of the city. On the basis of their location and the great quantity of sherds of big plain pottery, these rooms can be interpreted as storerooms.
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