Ανασκαφές στο Πολύχρονο Χαλκιδικής, 1989Part of : Το Αρχαιολογικό Έργο στη Μακεδονία και στη Θράκη ; Vol.3, No.1, 1989, pages 391-408
The excavation at Polychrono in Chalcidice, 1989
The excavation at Polychrono in Chalcidice which started in 1987 was continued this year; three sectors were investigated: two on the slope of the hill called «Geromoiri», where remains of a settlement had been discovered, and a third at the foothill, where the cemetery of the settlement had been located. Parts of buildings, probably houses, were discovered on the slope, badly damaged by the activities of the building of a new forestall road. The houses were built in terraces created on the slope of the hill, recalling the Phocaean colony of Elaia in Campagna. The walls were either parallel to the slope, supporting the terraces, or vertical, serving as retaining ones. Two groups of buildings were excavated: one at the forestal road, and a second on the southern slope of the hill. The finds comprised mainly pottery, imported (Attica, Corinth and E. Greece) and local. The pottery dates the buildings discovered at the forestal road to the late 6th and 5th century, while those located on the southern slope to the 6th century, and namely it suggested two building phases: one in the early6th century B.C. and a second towards the end of the same century. The results of the excavation are too preliminary to answer all questions concerning the new settlement which was located. Finally, the excavation at the foothill where the cemetery had been discovered was also very interesting. A number of graves were discovered: cist-graves, pit-graves andgraves covered with tiles, while the majority were pots containing burials of infants. The graves contained inhumations, while the extended pyrai, which were found in the area of the cemetery, were related to ceremonies of the burial customs. Burial periboloi were not attested, however, it was confirmed that the physical landscape was used for the organization of the graves. The grave goods were mainly small vases and terracottas; metal artifacts were absent. The pottery is dated to the 5th century and it is imported from Attica or Corinth, or local. The discovery of the local pots is very significant, since these samples reveal the conservative character of Chalcidice pottery. This part of the cemetery corresponds to the later phases of the settlement, however, there is evidence that the cemetery of the 6th century should also be located in this area.
Περιέχει σχέδια και εικόνες