Η ανασκαφική έρευνα στην αρχαία Μεσημβρία Θράκης κατά το 1989Part of : Το Αρχαιολογικό Έργο στη Μακεδονία και στη Θράκη ; Vol.3, No.1, 1989, pages 577-585
The excavation at ancient Mesembria in Thrace
In 1989 the excavation at Mesembria in Thrace, was continued in the area around the temple of Apollo, which had been located in 1988. A group of buildings were discovered, organized around an area in the open air; this group and the temple of Apollo to the north, occupy a large area (35x45 m.) adjacent to the eastern part of the fortification walls. The area in the open air was paved with large rectangular slabs, while the discovery of a drainage marble pipe, four metres from the southern wall and parallelto it, implies the existence of a stoa. Walls were also discovered north and west from this group —sanctuary—,however, these were later and were not related to it. The finds from the sanctuary mainly comprise marble architectural members, fragments of marble inscriptions, parts of marble sculpture and pottery. Part of the head of an Archaic kouros and the group of a thigh and a clinging fist of an Archaic kouros are among the most significant finds. The pottery consists of fragments of Attic black-glazed and black-figure vases of the 6th and 5th centuries B.C.; many of them bear incised inscriptions. Thus we have collected a group of about 200 inscribed sherds in a total of 6000 sherds discovered inside and by the temple. Half of the inscribed herds bear the name of god Apollo and one third of these inscriptions are written from right to left. The shape of some letters of the alphabet, such as the Ω (omega), recall Ionia,while the diphthong OY, sometimes used in the word Απόλλων replacing Ω, recalls the Thessalian, namely Aiolian dialect. Finally, the sound P of the word Apollo issometimes signified by the letters B or C, suggesting an idiomatic local pronunciation, since it is well known that letter B was pronounced as ΜΠ.
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