Ιουδαίοι, Σπαρτιάτες, ΚάδμοςPart of : Αρχαιολογικά ανάλεκτα εξ Αθηνών ; Vol.40-41, 2007, pages 177-186
Jews, Spartans, Kadmos
The exchange of letters (authentic or not) between the Kings of Sparta and the High Priests of Judea, during the 3rd and 2nd c. BC, dealing with friendship, common property and alliance (Macab. A, 12.23; B, 5.9. Josephus, Jewish Antiquities 13.163-166) provided the impetus to search for earlier contacts between the two states founded on the (false) belief in their common origin. Also, the literary and epigraphical sources (Herodot, Euripides, Old Testament, Parian Marble, Pausanias, FGH 4 F 23 and 24b) are discussed in connection with thePhoenician Kadmos and the Phoenicians in general and their relation to the Cananites and the Jews. According to the archaeological evidence Phoenicians had settled on Cyprus and Crete (Kommos, Eleutherna) as well as in various places of the western Mediterranean. An important testimony for the persistence of the tradition regarding Kadmos and his travels has recently come to light: a Greco-Phoenician inscription of the 4th c. BC from Delos mentioning the “people ofQdmt”, i.e. of Kedma (Kadmos).