Παλαιοχριστιανικά λυχνάρια στο Βυζαντινό ΜουσείοPart of : Δελτίον της Χριστιανικής Αρχαιολογικής Εταιρείας ; Vol.29, 1983, pages 109-126
Early christian lamps in the Byzantine Museum
The early Christian lamps exposed in the Byzantine Museum are a partof the collection of the Christian Archaeological Society.Two groups from these are presented here, which belong to the typesXXVIII and XXXI after Oscar Broneer's classification upon the lamps fromthe Corinthian excavations.Group A : It expands from the second half of the 3rd cent. A.D. to thebeginning of the 5th; it refers to the period of the highest point of productionand exportation in Greece and abroad as well (Egypt, Asia Minor, S. Russia,etc.) of the two biggest but competitive shops of lamp production: the Corinthian and the Attic one. There are common characteristics among these mouldedlamps:a) development of the shape of the body from the round shaped typeto the almond shaped one,b) the round or square disk and the round nozzle are clearly distinctfrom the rim because of grooves,c) the handle is a plain solid knob, non pierced,d) the rim is always decorated even with the simplest design,e) base with almond shaped grooves, incised circles or with the signature of a shop,f) the disks are decorated either with pagan representations or withChristian symbols.Group B: In this group belong the imported lamps from Asia Minorand the imported ones from N. Africa. The "African" lamps are distinguished by their solid knob-like handle, the depressed rim with raised decorations, the broad shallow channel from the disk to the wick-hole and abase-ring from which a ridge extends to the handle.On both the rim and the disk predominate Christian symbols on theone hand and on the other scenes from the Old and the New Testament.The imported "African" lamps exposed in the Byzantine Museum, distinct because of their red clay, are dated in the middle of the 5th cent.