Τέσσερις Ιταλοκρητικές εικόνεςPart of : Δελτίον της Χριστιανικής Αρχαιολογικής Εταιρείας ; Vol.37, 1997, pages 81-96
Four Italo-Cretan Icons
Icons of the 15th and 16th centuries painted by artists ofthe Cretan School who followed 14th-century Italian models or combined Byzantine and Italian stylistic and iconographie elements on the same panel, are becoming increasingly popular. Four icons of this category are publishedhere for the first time.The first (fig. 1), of a Pietà with obvious Gothic influences,which can also be discerned in a large group of relatedpanels (notes 4-16), dates from the second half of the 15thcentury. It may be attributed to the painter of the Pietas inthe Cabal and Oikonomopoulos collections (notes 5, 6).The second, a panel of the Virgin and Child (fig. 4), whoseiconography was perhaps influenced by the motif of ChristAnapeson, probably dates from the second half of the 15thor the early 16th century.A triptych wing (figs 5 and 6) is decorated with the Man ofSorrows and Saint Francis of Assisi, and may be dated tothe 15th century. The Man of Sorrows follows a variantwhich harks back to 15th-century Venetian models. SaintFrancis, although canonized in the Catholic Church, issometimes encountered in Orthodox art (note 40). His depiction here receiving the stigmata, as in three other ItaloCretan triptych wings (notes 36-38), is almost identical tothe one in the National Museum, Ravenna.In the panel of fig. 8 the Virgin and Child is flanked by thearchangels Michael and Gabriel and surrounded by twoGospel scenes -the Annunciation and the Crucifixion- aswell as two groups of three saints, among them SaintLawrence and perhaps Saint James in the left group andSaints Jerome, Anthony and Francis of Assisi in the right.The Virgin and Child -in a type crystallized by the 15thcentury Cretan painter Andreas Ritzos- and the two scenesare painted in traditional Byzantine style, while the sixstanding saints are rendered in International Gothic. Thisicon should be dated to the early 16th century.