Άμαξες και καύσεις νεκρών στον τύμβο της Μικρής Δοξιπάρας - Ζώνης του δήμου ΚυπρίνουPart of : Το Αρχαιολογικό Έργο στη Μακεδονία και στη Θράκη ; Vol.17, No.1, 2003, pages 1-12
Carts and cremations in the mound between Mikri Doxipara and Zoni
The mound, constructed on a natural elevation, is one of the largest in Thrace, with a diameter of 60 m and a height of 7.5 m, and it lies between the communities of Mikri Doxipara and Zoni within the bounds of the municipality of Kyprinos, very close to the Greek-Bulgarian border. The rescue excavation was prompted by the numerous illicit trenches in the surface of the mound and the dozens of fragments of worked marble and chippings scattered over the north-west side. Our initial hypothesis regarding the existence of a built tomb or sarcophagus was not confirmed. We believe that there was probably some kind of built sepulchral monument on the surface of the mound, but it has now been totally destroyed.The mound covered four cremation burials, five carts, and two horse burials. Other finds included several areas with remains of offerings, two hearth-pits, and two four-sided brick structures that were used as altars.The five carts, together with the horses that pulled them, had been placed in shallow pits hewn out of the bedrock. Each cart is slightly different from the others, in terms of both its decoration and its technical features. The diameter of the wheels varies between 1.10 and 1.20 m and the seats average 1.50x0.90 m. All preserve the axles, the iron wheel rims, and the rest of their functional and decorative elements. The carts fall into two groups: the first group, in the west section of the mound, is represented by two carts and a burial of two horses; while the three carts in the other group are located along the edge of the south-east side of the mound. This latter group of carts do not present their usual form, because the horses are not between the shafts and the wheels and axles have been disconnected.Four cremation burials were located at different places in the mound. Two of the cremations were carried out in pits hewn out of the bedrock and two in pits dug out of the fill of the mound. In all four cases a large number .of bronze, glass, and pottery grave goods were found.The mound, which dates to the late 1st and early 2nd century ad, probably belonged to the family of a wealthy local landowner.
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